On This September Day in Scotland
3 September 1939: The Second World War is declared.
9 September 1543: Mary is crowned Queen of Scots at Stirling Castle, at the age of nine months.
14 September 1715: The Jacobite forces commanded by John Erskine 23rdEarl of Mar take Perth.
16 September 1745: The Jacobite's take Edinburgh without a fight.
18 September 2014: Those eligible to vote in Scotland vote in a referendum on the question "Should Scotland be an independent country?". The result is a "no" vote, by 55% to 45%.
27 September 1938: The liner "Queen Elizabeth", the largest passenger ship so far built, is launched at John Brown's on the Clyde.
On This October Day in Scotland.
2 October 1931: The death of Sir Thomas Lipton, who succeeded in establishing a chain of grocery stores across Great Britain; who gave his name to Lipton teas; and who repeatedly (and unsuccessfully) challenged for yachting's America's Cup.
10 October, 1974 By the second General Election of the year, Harold Wilson's Labour Party has accepted the need for devolution. The Scottish Nationalists take 30% of the vote and 11 parliamentary seats
16 October 1774: The early death in Edinburgh of Robert Fergusson, one of Scotland's greatest poets and the man who Robert Burns acknowledged as his inspiration.
16 October 1939: The first German aircraft to be shot down over Britain in WWII is attacked by RAF fighters over the River Forth.
25 October 1960 Elvis Presley touched down at Prestwick airport, his only visit to Scotland. He spent an hour at the airport on his way home to be mustered out of the army. This was the only time The King set foot on British soil. He was surrounded by ecstatic teenagers as he reputedly asked, ‘Where Am I?
28 October 1794 Robert Liston, the first surgeon to use general anesthetic, was born in Linlithgow. In 1827, he became a Surgeon at the Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh. Liston moved to University College London in 1835 as Professor of Clinical Surgery.